The term ammunition dates back to the middle of the 17th century. The word comes from the French word ammunition, for material used for war. Ammunition and ammunition are often used interchangeably, although ammunition now generally refers to the actual weapon system with the ammunition needed to operate it. Ammunition, often called ammunition, comes from the French word ammunition.
In the beginning it meant all the items used for the war. This comes from the Latin word munire (provide). Of older French ammunition, forked ammunition (“war supplies) such as l'amunition. Ultimately from Latin; see ammunition for more.
Ammunition, often referred to as ammunition, is a generic term that means the assembled set of components that make up what is to be fired with a firearm. Typically, this includes a bullet or shot charge, the gunpowder that serves as a propellant, the percussion cap that when struck by the firing pin of the gun ignites the gunpowder, and the housing or projectile in which those components are assembled. Blank ammunition without a bullet or shot is an exception, as is very low-power special-purpose ammunition that has no gunpowder, but relies solely on the energy provided by the percussion cap. For rimfire ammunition, the percussion cap is not a special part, but is made inside the rim of the case.
With muzzle-loading guns and some large military weapons, there is no housing that holds together the components of the ammunition fired at them. With shotgun ammunition, there is also a bundle or series of bundles that separate the gunpowder from the bullet. The term ammunition is also often used for whatever serves as a projectile or whatever is delivered to the opponent in any combat or quasi-combat situation. Therefore, snowballs can be called ammunition in a snowball fight and plastic paintballs can be called ammunition in a paintball contest.
Even the arguments of a lawyer or legal team, or the arguments of a philosopher, or the reasons offered by a religious figure, can be called ammunition in an exchange or contest of ideas. The term ammunition is derived from French from Latin munire (provide). Large caliber military weapons often fire projectiles filled with explosives known as projectiles. This type of explosive projectile must be distinguished from a shotgun shell; shotgun shells have no projectiles filled with explosives.
The design of the ammunition is determined by its purpose. For sporting use, rifle ammunition can be designed for maximum accuracy, for maximum penetration in very large animals, for rapid expansion in smaller animals, and for other purposes. Some ammunition is designed to be cheap; in other cases, the design will be more expensive, but the buyer will be willing to pay more because the product is better suited to their purposes. Some pistol ammunition is designed to cut a sharp hole in a paper target and are loaded with wadcutter bullets.
Ammunition for military purposes must, according to the Geneva Accords, be loaded with metal-jacketed bullets. Anti-personnel military ammunition is often designed to break or fall inside the target, in order to maximize the damage caused. Some military projectiles contain shrapnel and are designed to explode in the air, so their fragments will spread over a large area. Armor-piercing ammunition tends to be hard, sharp and narrow, often with lubrication.
Incendiary projectiles include a material such as white phosphorus, which burns fiercely. Tracer ammunition emits light as it travels, allowing the gunner to see the trajectory of bullets in flight while using a machine gun. Some ammunition for police and crowd control use is loaded with rubber bullets or other projectiles intended to be non-lethal. Some ammunition is designed to match or match.
It is generally of exceptional quality and consistency, intended for target shooting competition. Ammunition for centerfire rifles is usually packaged and sold in boxes of 20 rounds. Shotgun ammunition is usually packaged and sold in boxes of 25 rounds. Ammunition for pistols, some small center of fire rifles (for example,.
In addition to those basic packaging conventions, boxes of ten boxes of 50 rounds of. Also common are boxes of ten boxes of 25 shotgun shells (for a total of 250 rounds). Ammunition for military rifles is often packed in metal cans with a capacity of more than a hundred cartridges. In addition, ammunition intended for some military weapons that use a clip, such as the American M 1 Garand, or the Italian 7.35mm Carcano from World War II, is often already placed on the appropriate clip, so all the user has to do is insert a new magazine of already-loaded ammunition into the weapon.
These weapons are often manufactured so that the old magazine falls out of the gun and falls to the ground after the last bullet in the magazine is loaded or fired. Military ammunition includes everything from ammunition for pistols and small arms, ammunition for machine guns, shells for tubular artillery and mortars, and even bombs dropped by airplanes, smart bombs, rockets and other projectiles with explosives. The destructive power and lethality of these systems is very great. A single cluster bomb, deliverable by any of the above systems, can plant grenade-sized bombs on a field the size of a 90 m (100 yard) soccer ball with a density sufficient to kill anyone present, even in trenches and wearing bulletproof vests.
Infantry ammunition refers to the ammunition carried by a typical foot soldier (infantry). A person serving in the infantry usually carries, in bags, shoulder bags and other containers, about 100 rounds of ammunition for small arms. It is customary to complement this, when an action is imminent, from the regimental reserve. Each successive improvement in military weapons has led to a corresponding change in the method of supplying ammunition and in the quantity required.
When hand-to-hand weapons were the main instruments of battle, there was no such need. But in the Middle Ages, archers and crossbowmen had to replace axles and bolts worn out in action; and during a siege, large stone bullets, as well as heavy arrows, were freely used. The missiles of those days were, however, often interchangeable. For example, in the Battle of Towton (146), part of the War of the Roses, the commander of the York archers induced the enemy to shoot arrows to obtain them to counterattack.
This interchangeability of war material was possible even for many centuries after the invention of firearms. At the Battle of Liegnitz (1760), Frederick the Great specially commissioned a general officer to pack and ship, for Prussian use, all the muskets and ammunition left on the battlefield by the defeated Austrians. The captured material is sometimes still used by the other party. It is rare to find a modern army that uses a high percentage of the ammunition captured, although many terrorist and irregular forces often rely on this.
Because of the speed with which ammunition is used up in modern warfare and the fact that more shots often have to be fired to cause heavy losses, ammunition stocks need to be as close as possible to the troops who have to use them. With older, larger caliber firearms, due to the heavy weight of the ammunition, the soldier could only carry a few rounds. Today, with the adoption of smaller caliber weapons, soldiers can carry more bullets. Even so, the provision of ammunition to soldiers is essential, and military forces must carefully organize and supply ammunition supply systems.
Each reduction in the caliber (size) of the rifle ammunition means an increase in the number of projectiles a soldier can carry and carry. One hundred rounds of British Martini-Henry ammunition from the pre-World War I era, for example, weighed 10 pounds and 10 ounces (4.8 kg); the same weight gives 155 rounds of. In Western Forces (NATO), the 7.62 mm NATO shell has been mostly replaced by the lighter 5.56 mm NATO cartridge. Larger caliber ammunition is still preserved where range and shot weight matter, such as in machine guns and sniper rifles.
The adoption of the tank by armies made horse-mounted cavalry obsolete, and new weapons were needed to damage a tank or other vehicle, or to penetrate and injure the crew. The bazooka was introduced for this purpose. The introduction of the molded charge warhead gave infantry a weapon that used chemical rather than kinetic energy to defeat armor in a concentrated way, making them more effective than large grenades. When propelled by a rocket, the molded charge also gained range.
After World War II, the arrival of the missile provided great range and accuracy and provided infantry with a weapon that could reliably destroy heavier tanks over long distances. Weapons developed primarily for anti-tank functions can add proximity fusion to increase the likelihood of a kill by causing the warhead to detonate close to the target without having to make contact. Airplanes are relatively delicate machines, filled with highly flammable fuel, and since their first use in World War I, an airplane can be shot down by a single bullet that hits something vital. This led to the development of anti-aircraft weapons, with their corresponding ammunition.
The main weaknesses of such weapons and ammunition provided to the infantry, for aircraft attack, are their limited range and small warheads. Today's infantry often has shoulder-fired heat-seeking missiles, known as SAMs, such as the Stinger. There are many other missiles of this class from different countries of origin. This is true for both large naval guns and land guns.
In order to deliver ammunition quickly enough for efficient servicing of such guns, hydraulic, electric or manual, hoists are employed to lift the powder bags and projectile from the storage area to the gun floor, from where they are transferred to a derrick or loading tray attached to the mount for loading the gun. Projectiles for such large weapons arrive at the weapon with a false plug in the fuse hole at the tip of the projectile. With a special fuse key, the plug is unscrewed and a fuse is screwed. Common artillery fuses include point detonation, delay, time and proximity (variable time).
Point detonating fuses detonate when in contact with the ground. Delay fuses are designed to penetrate a short distance before detonating. Time fuses, as the name implies, detonate a certain time after being fired to achieve a burst of air above the target. The time fuses are set to the tenth of a second.
Proximity or time-varying fuses contain a simple radio transceiver that activates at a set time after firing to detonate the projectile when the signal reflected from the ground reaches a certain intensity. Fuses are armed by the rotation of the projectile imparted by rifling in the tube, and are generally armed after a few hundred rotations. Munitions for civilian and military use can be stored for relatively long periods of time (several decades, no doubt, and possibly up to half a century or even longer) without substantial deterioration in quality, provided that it is kept relatively cold and protected from chemicals that could attack and therefore deteriorate the metal shells of the bullets. During World War II, for example, some warehouses of ammunition left over from the First World War were put into service.
Ammunition for military use is often stored in strongholds; they are often referred to as ammunition depots or magazines, and are placed, as far as possible, to protect the ammunition from enemy fire or bombardment. The number and nature of bullets assigned to any fortress depends on issues of policy and location, the degrees of resistance, the nature of the works and personnel and, finally, the nature of the weaponry. That is, for large-caliber pistols, three hundred to four hundred cartridges per weapon could be sufficient, while for lighter guns it could be a thousand or more bullets per weapon. Ammunition, often informally referred to as ammunition, is a generic term derived from the French language ammunition, which encompassed all material used for war (from Latin munire, to provide), but which over time came to refer specifically to gunpowder and artillery.
The error was corrected in French (modern French ammunition), but remained in English, with the spelling adjusted to the Latin words. In the broadest sense of the word, it encompasses anything that can be used in combat including bombs, missiles, warheads and mines (landmines, naval mines and antipersonnel mines), which are manufactured by munitions factories.
ammunition (present ammunitionsimple singular in third person, stacking of present participle, past participle simple and past participle ammoed). .